Water Services Trust Fund was established as a corporate body under the water Act 2002 and a trust deed drawn up by the Minister for Water and Irrigation. The Trust was registered on May 10, 2004. The Water Act (2002) provided for setting up of various institutions such as Water Services Trust Fund, Water Appeal Board, Water Resources Management Authority, Water Services boards and Water Service Regulatory Board to harmonise and streamline management of water resources, supply and sanitation services.
The Water Services Trust Fund (WSTF) was mandated under section 83 of the Water Act 2002, to mobilize resources and provide financial assistance towards capital investment costs of providing water and sanitation services in areas of Kenya that lack adequate water services.
The WSTF has established formal, long term partnerships with a range of organisations in order to support the provision of quality water and sanitation services to underserved communities. These include partnerships with seven water service boards (WSBs) that include Coast, Tana, Athi, Rift Valley, Lake Victoria South and Lake Victoria North and Northern water service boards and locally based organisations who have been working in underserved and marginalised communities over a number of years.
Functions of WSTF
The fund is charged with the responsibility to:
|1.||Mobilise resources from bilateral and multilateral development partners and from organisations and individuals in Kenya and abroad.|
|2.||Apply resources so raised to fund the provision of water supply and sanitation in areas of Kenya that are underserved.|
|3.||Establish linkages with water services boards (WSBs) to ensure pro-poor targeting and implementation of projects, transparency, accountability and equity, while mainstreaming good governance, gender, HIV/AIDS and environmental conservation in the financial process.|
|4.||Strengthen the fund’s institutional capacity to effectively function and upgrade staff skills.|
|Criteria used to select areas of funding|
|1||WSTF in collaboration with the waster service boards (WSBs) has developed a rapid assessment method based on the central bureau of statistics geographic dimensions of well-being in Kenya report, 2003. By this method, the fund identified 362 poorest locations in the country to receive funding to implement water sanitation service projects.|
|2||Level of investment in water and sanitation infrastructure|
|3||Access to quality water services|
|4||Sanitation coverage levels.|
Project selection criteria
|1||Projects should be located in any part of Kenya and must be initiated by communities or NGOs working closely with them. They must be demand driven and managed by the communities themselves.|
|2||Owners should meet the cost of survey and design facilities. The designs should be economically and technologically sound with suitable management structures.|
|3||Themes for the financial assistance to include health improvement, poverty eradication and wealth creation|
|4||Communities to receive funding through a legally registered community based organisation or NGO.|
|5||Support for improvement of facilities is given on condition that owners contribute to the project implementation by sourcing locally available materials and cash.|
|6||Users are expected to meet the cost of operation and maintenance of the facilities after project completion. A well-structured revenue collection system for services should be provided.|
|7||Projects should be environmentally sound and should demonstrate gender equity and good governance.|
|8||The cost per capita must be affordable to all.|
|9||Proposals must be accompanied by complete engineering designs certified by the respective WSBs|
|10||Projects falling within the WSTF target locations receive priority.|
WSTF Participatory community project cycle
a. Preparation of proposal by CBOS or other organisations without any support
b. Submission of proposal to WSB and WSTF
c. Participatory community project cycle
d. CBO who require assistance to prepare proposal write an application letter to WSB
Sequential steps in the participatory community project cycle
1. Support organisations
This is a region or district based organisation that is selected by individual or community groups to provide technical and managerial support to communities’ during proposal preparation and implementation.
2. Quality control advisors (QCA)
This is a locally based consultant with an engineering background, community development skills and experience, who assists WSBs in checking quality of the proposals and monitoring of ongoing projects as outlined in MOU with WSTF.
3. Monitoring Agent/Evaluating Agent
This is an organisation procured and contracted by WSTF to carry out monitoring and evaluation in one or more WSBs areas of coverage.
Stage 1: Community awareness and capacity building
|This is aimed at:
1. Creating awareness in the target locations within each WSB and WSTF and the grants which are available to improve water and sanitation services
2. Provide capacity building support to interested communities, through either strengthening an existing CBO or establishing a new CBO, so that they can successfully apply for a grant from WSTF
3. Link CBOs with Support Organisations which can assist them to successfully apply for and implement a grant from WSTF.
Stage 2: Developing a quality WSTF proposal
|The aim of this stage of the participatory community project cycle is to develop and secure approval of a quality water and sanitation project proposal.|
Stage 3: implementing and monitoring a WSTF funded project.
|The aim of this stage is to successfully implement and monitor the performance of a WSTF funded project.|